React vs. Angular vs. Vue: How to Choose
On the whole, three major competitors have risen to the challenge. Angular, the first on the scene, comes from Google and includes a full-featured framework and ecosystem. React, currently the most popular option, is from Facebook is a library that offers greater flexibility in exchange for sacrificing some stronger features of Angular. Finally, Vue the simplest and easiest to learn option, is a great open source option for many projects that don’t need the big overhead of React or Angular.
Unsurprisingly, the React vs. Angular vs. Vue debate has consumed the web development community. Indeed, it seems like every web developer has their own preference of frontend framework. In this post, we won’t pick any favorites. Instead, we’ll take a look at the strengths and weaknesses of each project to choose the best option for your use case.
The basic task of these frontend frameworks is updating the Document Object Model (DOM) so that the user sees dynamic information on the screen as they interact with the application.
Each of these frameworks introduces a learning curve but ultimately makes managing the state of your application simpler. They all do so by introducing the concept of a component in your web page. In general, components can have their own state. Additionally, they can be nested so a parent component can change, create, and destroy child components as needed. Unquestionably, the reusable stateful component model is the key innovation of all these frameworks.
React comes from Facebook, and it was open sourced in 2013. In particular, React introduces the concept of a virtual DOM. When React components need to make changes to the state of the application, those changes get reflected in a virtual version of the DOM. If multiple changes conflict or converge, those conflicts get resolved in the virtual DOM before being rendered on the page. React’s event loop regularly compares the state of the virtual DOM to the real DOM and only re-renders components that have changed.
Overall, the architecture of an Angular application revolves around Services and Components. For example, services provide data and functions to components. When a Service has new information, it injects that new information into the component and that triggers a property binding change to the view that the user sees. On the other hand, when a user interacts with the view/UI, an event binding triggers a change in the component.
Angular is a complete web framework for building complex sites. As a result, it’s more often used in enterprise. Additionally, it has a steeper learning curve and longer startup time than its competitors. However, it makes up for that startup time in fuller features for complex applications.
Vue is the simplest option of this list, but that doesn’t mean it’s not powerful. In fact, it combines many of the best lessons learned from both React and Angular. It’s flexible and portable similar to React, but it can also provide fuller framework-like features of Angular.
Additionally, Vue has the shortest learning curve. That said, it’s far less popular than React and Angular for large-scale applications. While Vue can work well in certain applications, most projects will choose React or Angular for their pedigree, community, and extensive resources.
React vs. Angular vs. Vue: Making Your Choice
Trying to build something flexible and fast? Try React or Vue.
Security, complexity, and enterprise-level use are a concern? Pick Angular.
Looking for the industry leader with a lot of developers who know the framework? React is the best, followed closely by Angular
Need help making the choice? Intertech has developers experienced in all the above frameworks. Get in touch today, and we’ll help you choose.
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