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Complete Struts 2 Training

Course ID: TT6242
Duration: 5 Days

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This lab-intensive, hands-on struts training course that will provide students with the skills required to design and build scalable, secure, maintainable web applications - leveraging our team’s extensive experience in the delivery of scalable enterprise applications with complex web interfaces based on JEE technologies.   This course not only provides essential Struts 2.0 knowledge that can be used as the foundation for developing production-quality web applications.  It covers an entire spectrum of advanced topics including zero configuration, testing, using Tiles to enhance the view, and design practices.

Bring This Course To You

For groups of 5 or more, let Intertech bring this course to your location. Customized versions tailored towards your objectives are also available.

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Learning Objectives

Students will leave the course armed with a full set of skills to design, implement, deploy, and troubleshoot Struts 2.0 web applications.   This course provides coverage of all the standard components, filters, renderers, converters, and validators, along with advice on how to use them to create solid applications.  Working in a hands-on environment  students will explore and use complex user interface layouts, prototyping, and integrating templates with back-end model objects. 

Working in a dynamic, interactive discussion and hands-on programming environment, developers will:

The course provides a solid foundation in basic terminology and concepts, extended and built upon throughout the engagement.   The course then builds on this solid foundation to provide a complete picture of effective Struts 2.0 application development. Processes and best practices are discussed and illustrated through both discussions and group activities.

Attending students will be led through a series of advanced topics comprised of integrated lectures, extensive hands-on lab exercises, group discussions and comprehensive demonstrations. Please see below for additional information about the hands-on lab work.

  • Understand the problems with vanilla Servlets/JSP, and the motivation for the general Struts framework
  • Understand MVC and the Struts architecture
  • Understand the lessons learned from Struts 1.x and how they influenced Struts 2.0
  • Understand the Struts FilterDispatcher, actions, and results
  • Create & configure applications using Struts 2.0 and either XML configuration files or annotations
  • Define, implement, and test ActionSupport and Action classes
  • Use Struts for form processing
  • Handle errors and debug Struts applications
  • Utilize the Struts 2.0 validation framework
  • Understand and work with the value stack to bind objects to views and request processing
  • Customize data type conversions and validation
  • Extend Struts with commonly available or custom plug-ins
  • Use Struts using annotations and smart defaults to achieve minimal or zero configuration
  • Understand how Struts 2.0 lends itself very nicely to JUnit testing
  • Work extensively with OGNL and the value stack
  • Further enhance the view portion of Struts using Tiles and the Tiles plugin
  • Examine the bigger picture of using Struts 2 constructs within various business patterns and in conjunction with JEE development practices
  • Understand how maximize the leverage of the Struts 2.0 architecture


This course is intended for programmers and designers who want to design and develop applications using the Apache Struts 2.x Model-View-Controller (MVC) framework. 


This is an intermediate to advanced level Struts training course, designed for experienced JEE developers that need to further extend their skills in web development and Struts. Attendees should have an extensive working knowledge in developing JEE applications. 

Course Outline

Jakarta Struts Project

  • What is Struts?
  • About the Struts Project
  • Web Applications Defined
  • Typical User Interactions
  • Web Application Development Challenges
  • JEE and Web Applications
  • Struts Builds on JEE components
  • Benefits of Using Struts

Review Servlets, JSPs, Filters and Web Applications

  • Dynamic Content
  • What are Servlets?
  • Where do Servlets Live?
  • Advantages of Servlets
  • Packages and Classes
  • Creating a Servlet - The Simplest Way
  • A Simple HTTP Servlet
  • Shortcomings of Servlets
  • What is a JSP?
  • A Very Simple JSP - simple.jsp
  • JSPs Look Like HTML
  • JSP Expressions
  • JSPs are Really Servlets
  • Example of the Lifecycle
  • The Generated Servlet
  • Object Buckets or Scopes
  • Using the Scopes
  • Using useBean
  • Understanding Filters
  • Filter Example
  • Web Applications
  • WAR Directory Structure
  • Web Application Descriptor – web.xml
  • Example web.xml file
  • Packaging Web Applications
  • Deploying Web Applications

MVC and Struts

  • MVC/Model 2 Architecture
  • MVC/Model 2 Architecture - Model
  • MVC/Model 2 Architecture - View
  • MVC/Model 2 Architecture - Controller
  • Struts and MVC
  • Struts and MVC - Model
  • Struts and MVC - View
  • Struts and MVC - Controller

What’s new in Struts 2.0

  • Shortcomings in Struts 1.x
  • Changes and enhancements in Struts 2.0
  • Struts 2.0 Benefits
  • Struts 2.0 Basic Architecture
  • Key differences from Struts 1

Struts 2 Architecture

  • Overview of the Struts 2.0 Architecture
  • Request Processing Flow
  • Request Processing Flow – One View
  • Request Processing Flow – Another View
  • Key components
  • Configuration files

Struts 2 Components Overview

  • Struts 2.0 Basic Architecture
  • FilterDispatcher
  • Struts 2.0 Basic Architecture
  • Action objects
  • Struts 2.0 Basic Architecture
  • Results
  • Struts 2.0 Basic Architecture
  • Interceptors

Creating the Application

  • Creating a Web Project (manually)
  • Creating a Web Project (IDE)
  • Creating a Web Project (Maven)
  • Web Project Structure
  • Web Project Structure Example
  • Web Project Structure - Maven

Configuring web.xml

  • web.xml Overview
  • web.xml – Struts information

Configuring Struts.xml

  • Configuring Struts.xml
  • Administrative Elements
  • Request Handling Elements
  • Error handling Elements

Implementing Actions

  • Creating Action classes
  • A simple Action Class
  • Another Simple Action Class

Adding Basic View Components

  • View Components
  • A Simple View Component
  • Configuring the View Component
  • Session: Mapping the Model to the View

Review: Using Custom Tags

  • JSP Limitations?
  • Sun’s Solution - Custom Tags
  • Custom Tags
  • Custom Tag Capabilities
  • Custom Tag Overview
  • Tag Libraries
  • Tag Library Descriptor (TLD)
  • Tag Libraries and JSPs
  • Summary of Using Custom Tags

Introducing Struts 2 Tags

  • The Struts 2 Tag Library
  • The Value Stack
  • Tag Syntax
  • Tag Reference
  • Tag Reference – Generic Tags
  • Tag Reference – UI Tags
  • FreeMarker  and Velocity
  • FreeMarker Tags
  • Velocity Tags

Themes and Templates

  • Overview of Templates and Themes
  • Template Example
  • The simple Theme
  • The Default (xhtml) Theme
  • The ajax Theme

XWorks Validation Framework

  • Validation Techniques
  • XWork2 Validation
  • Built-in Validators
  • Built-in Field Validators - visitor
  • Built-in Field Validators - conversion
  • Specifying Validation

Implementing Validation

  • Basic Validation
  • Basic Validation – the Form
  • Basic Validation – the Validation Descriptor
  • Custom Validators

Type Conversion

  • Type Conversion Basics
  • Type conversion tips
  • Custom Converters
  • Custom Converter Example
  • Session: Localization and I18n
  • Lesson: Locales and Internationalization
  • Significant Issues for Localization
  • Localization in Struts 2
  • Locales

Resource Bundles

  • ResourceBundle
  • Resource Bundle Naming
  • Message Types in the Bundle
  • Specifying the Resource Bundle

Formatting Messages

  • Tags with Locale Support: UI tags
  • Tags with Locale Support: Messages
  • Tags with Locale Support: date

Understanding the Design

  • Creating TriveraTunes
  • TriveraTunes Flow
  • Searching CD’s: The Request
  • Searching CD’s: Displaying The Results
  • Choosing what to do next
  • Editing the Details
  • Showing Error Messages
  • Handling Exception
  • Database Access
  • Database Access – A Technical Use Case
  • Database Access – the Service Interface
  • Database Access – Service Options
  • DAO Overview
  • DAO Benefits

Implementing the Application

  • Next Steps
  • TriveraTunes Flow – the Search Action
  • Action Classes
  • Searching CD’s: The Request
  • The Action
  • Viewing the Results of the Search
  • Add/Edit/Delete Listing
  • Creating the Hyperlinks
  • Pre-populating Forms
  • Updating Album
  • Validating Forms
  • Validation Error Messages
  • Showing Error Messages
  • Handling Exceptions
  • Exception Messages
  • Action class vs. Value Object
  • Nested Beans
  • Creating the SelectBox
  • Struts 1 DispatchAction
  • Edit/Delete Example
  • Recap – Implementing Searches
  • Recap – Pre-populating forms
  • Recap - Validation
  • Recap: Error Messages
  • Recap: Exception handling

Advanced Topics Overview

  • Annotations
  • Zero Configuration
  • Dependency Injection
  • Testing in Struts 2
  • Advanced OGNL and the ValueStack

Zero Configuration

  • Configuration Review
  • Annotations
  • Action Class without annotations
  • Action Class – struts.xml
  • Action Class notes
  • Action Class with annotations

Testing in Struts 2

  • Testing Struts 1.x applications
  • Testing Struts 2.0 applications
  • Action Class for testing
  • Simple Test Case

Advanced OGNL and the ValueStack

  • Overview
  • OGNL
  • Accessing element attributes
  • Tag attributes – JSP, Velocity & FreeMarker
  • Accessing data on the ActionContext
  • Accessing data on the ValueStack
  • Accessing data that doesn’t exist
  • Accessing array data
  • Accessing Map data
  • Accessing Objectdata

Processing File Uploads

  • File Upload
  • The fileUpload Interceptor
  • Enabling the Client (in struts.xml)
  • Enabling the Client (plain HTML)
  • Enabling the Client (using Struts tags)
  • Resulting Page
  • Enable Processing of the Data on the Server
  • Define properties in your Action
  • Using the File property in an Action
  • Configuring Upload Environment

Introduction to Tiles

  • Tiles Framework
  • New Tiles 2 Result Type
  • Components of Tiles
  • Typical Web Application (Classic)
  • Managing Areas
  • Steps to using Tiles
  • Add Tiles 2 support
  • Create Layout: Tile Layout use getAsString
  • Create Layout: using getAsString
  • Create Layout: Tile Layout using insert
  • Create Layout: Using insert
  • Calling the Layout: tiles:insertTemplate
  • Passing Parameters: tiles:putAttribute
  • Tile Definition (in definition.jsp)
  • Using Definition
  • Defining XML Definitions (in tiles-def.xml)
  • Using XML-Based Definition
  • Tiles

Advanced Tiles

  • Tile Scope
  • Passing Objects
  • Using a Tile Attribute in a Tile Layout
  • Understanding Lists
  • Using putListAttribute in XML
  • Using a List in a Tile Layout
  • Using putListAttribute in JSP to define List
  • Extending Definitions
  • Using Tiles to Forward to an Action

Common Business Patterns

  • Common Business Patterns
  • Model View Controller (MVC)
  • Diagram of MVC
  • Front Component
  • Facade
  • Synchronous and Asynchronous Architectures
  • Value Objects
  • Value Object Example
  • Value Object Diagram
  • Data Access Objects
  • Paged List Pattern

JEE Development Practices

  • JEE Development Best Practices
  • Understand the Java Pet Store Application
  • Embrace MVC
  • Remove Logic from JSPs
  • Managing Text
  • Handling Exceptions

Leveraging the Struts 2.0 Architecture

  • Leveraging the Struts 2.0 Architecture
  • Make effective use of Packages
  • Use Empty Actions for Forwarding
  • Use Struts Components in your views
  • Make effective use of Tiles
  • Test your actions
  • Handle Exceptions Declaratively
  • Integrate Other Technologies
  • Things to avoid

Free Resources from Intertech

Complete Guide to Becoming a Full Stack Developer

Free eBook: Top Freeware Picks for Developers

Free Guide: Tips For A Virtual Development Environment